Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2019
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies



Principles of Consolidation


The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Verb Technology Company, Inc. (formerly nFüsz, Inc. and, before that, bBooth, Inc.). Intercompany accounts have been eliminated in the consolidation.


Use of Estimates


The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reported periods. Significant estimates include assumptions made in analysis of reserves for allowance of doubtful accounts, inventory, purchase price allocations, impairment of long-term assets, realization of deferred tax assets, determining fair value of derivative liabilities, and valuation of equity instruments issued for services. Amounts could materially change in the future.


Revenue Recognition


The Company derives its revenue primarily from providing application services through the SaaS application, digital marketing and sales support services, from the sale of customized print products and training materials, branded apparel, and digital tools, as demanded by its customers. The subscription revenue from the application services are recognized over the life of the estimated subscription period. The Company also charges certain customers setup or installation fees for the creation and development of websites and phone application. These fees are accounted as part of deferred revenue and amortized over the estimated life of the agreement. Amounts related to shipping and handling that are billed to customers are reflected as part of revenue, and the related costs are reflected in cost of revenue in the accompanying Statements of Consolidated Operations.


The Company recognizes revenue in accordance with ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“ASC 606”). The underlying principle of ASC 606 is to recognize revenue to depict the transfer of goods or services to customers at the amount expected to be collected. ASC 606 creates a five-step model that requires entities to exercise judgment when considering the terms of contract(s), which includes (1) identifying the contract(s) or agreement(s) with a customer, (2) identifying our performance obligations in the contract or agreement, (3) determining the transaction price, (4) allocating the transaction price to the separate performance obligations, and (5) recognizing revenue as each performance obligation is satisfied. Pursuant to ASC 606, revenue is recognized when performance obligations under the terms of a contract are satisfied, which occurs for the Company upon shipment or delivery of products or services to our customers based on written sales terms, which is also when control is transferred. Revenue is measured as the amount of consideration we expect to receive in exchange for transferring the products or services to a customer.


The products sold by us are distinctly individual. The products are offered for sale solely as finished goods, and there are no performance obligations required post-shipment for customers to derive the expected value from them. Other than promotional activities, which can vary from time to time but nevertheless are entirely within the Company’s control, contracts with customers contain no incentives or discounts that could cause revenue to be allocated or adjusted over time.


The control of products we sell transfers to our customers upon shipment from our facilities, and our performance obligations are satisfied at that time. Shipping and handling activities are performed before the customer obtains control of the goods and, therefore, represent a fulfillment activity rather than promised goods to the customer. Payment for sales are generally made by check, credit card, or wire transfer. Historically, we have not experienced any significant payment delays from customers.


We allow returns within 30 days of purchase from end-users. Our customers may return purchased products to us under certain circumstances.


Customers setup or installation fees for the creation and development of websites and phone application are recognized as revenue over the estimated subscription period. Design assets of the websites and phone application are recognized when the work is completed. Licensing revenue is recognized over the estimated subscription period. In addition, certain revenue is recorded based upon stand-alone selling prices and is primarily recognized when the customer uses these services, based on the quantity of services rendered, such as number of customer usage.


A description of our principal revenue generating activities is as follows:


Digital Sales – We offer cloud-based business software on a subscription basis. Subscriptions are paid in advance of the services or billed 30 days in arrears of the subscription period. The revenue is recognized over the subscription period.


Welcome kits – We offer design and printing services to create corporate starter kits that our clients use for their marketing needs. The revenue is recognized upon completion and shipment of the welcome kits.


Fulfillment – We offer print on demand and fulfilment services of various custom products our clients use for marketing purposes. The revenue is recognized upon completion and shipment of the products.


Shipping – We charge our customers the costs related to the shipping of their welcome kits and fulfillment products. The revenue is recognized when the welcome kits or fulfillment products are shipped.


Cost of Revenue


Cost of revenue primarily consists of the salaries of certain employees, purchase price of consumer products, digital content costs, packaging supplies, and customer shipping and handling expenses. Shipping costs to receive products from our suppliers are included in our inventory and recognized as cost of revenue upon sale of products to our customers.


Concentration of Credit and Other Risks


Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist of cash and accounts receivable. Cash is deposited with a limited number of financial institutions. The balances held at any one financial institution at times may be in excess of Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) insurance limits of up to $250,000.


The Company extends limited credit to customers based on an evaluation of their financial condition and other factors. The Company generally does not require collateral or other security to support accounts receivable. The Company performs ongoing credit evaluations of its customers and maintains an allowance for doubtful accounts and sales credits. The Company believes that any concentration of credit risk in its accounts receivable is substantially mitigated by the Company’s evaluation process, relatively short collection terms and the high level of credit worthiness of its customers.


The Company’s concentration of credit risk includes its concentrations from key customers and vendors. The details of these significant customers and vendors are presented in the following table for year ended December 31, 2019 and 2018:


    Year Ended   Year Ended
    December 31, 2019   December 31, 2018
Verb’s largest customers are presented below as a percentage of Verb’s aggregate:        
Revenues   1 major customer accounted for 13% of revenues   None
Accounts receivable   None   None
Verb’s largest vendors are presented below as a percentage of Verb’s aggregate:        
Purchases   None   None
Accounts payable   1 major supplier accounted for 14% of accounts payable individually and in aggregate   None


Property and Equipment


Property and equipment are recorded at historical cost and depreciated on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives of approximately five years once the individual assets are placed in service.




We lease certain corporate office space and office equipment under lease agreements with monthly payments over a period of 36 to 94 months. We determine if an arrangement is a lease at inception. Lease assets are presented as operating lease right-of-use assets and the related liabilities are presented as lease liabilities in our consolidated balance sheets.


Prior to January 1, 2019, the Company accounted for leases under Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 840, Accounting for Leases. Effective January 1, 2019, the Company adopted the guidance of ASC 842, Leases (“ASC 842”), which requires an entity to recognize a right-of-use asset and a lease liability for virtually all leases. The Company adopted ASC 842 using a modified retrospective approach. As a result, the comparative financial information has not been updated and the required disclosures prior to the date of adoption have not been updated and continue to be reported under the accounting standards in effect for those periods. See Note 5, Right-of-Use Assets and Operating Lease Liabilities, for additional information.


Long-Lived Assets


The Company evaluates long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that their net book value may not be recoverable. When such factors and circumstances exist, the Company compares the projected undiscounted future cash flows associated with the related asset or group of assets over their estimated useful lives against their respective carrying amount. Impairment, if any, is based on the excess of the carrying amount over the fair value, based on market value when available, or discounted expected cash flows, of those assets and is recorded in the period in which the determination is made. No impairment of long-lived assets was required for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018.


Income Taxes


The Company accounts for income taxes under Financial Accounting Standards Board’s (“FASB”) ASC 740 “Income Taxes.” Under the asset and liability method of ASC 740, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been included in the financial statements or tax returns. Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on the differences between the financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to reverse. The deferred tax assets of the Company relate primarily to operating loss carry-forwards for federal income tax purposes. A full valuation allowance for deferred tax assets has been provided because the Company believes it is not more likely than not that the deferred tax asset will be realized. Realization of deferred tax assets is dependent on the Company generating sufficient taxable income in future periods.


The Company periodically evaluates its tax positions to determine whether it is more likely than not that such positions would be sustained upon examination by a tax authority for all open tax years, as defined by the statute of limitations, based on their technical merits. The Company accrues interest and penalties, if incurred, on unrecognized tax benefits as components of the income tax provision in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations. As of December 31, 2019, and 2018, the Company has not established a liability for uncertain tax positions.


Deferred Offering Costs


Deferred offering costs consist principally of legal, accounting, and underwriters’ fees incurred related to the contemplated underwritten public offering of the Company’s Common Stock. These deferred offering costs were charged against the gross proceeds received in March 2019.


Derivative Financial Instruments


The Company evaluates its financial instruments to determine if such instruments are derivatives or contain features that qualify as embedded derivatives. For derivative financial instruments that are accounted for as liabilities, the derivative instrument is initially recorded at its fair value and is then re-valued at each reporting date, with changes in the fair value reported in the consolidated statements of operations. The classification of derivative instruments, including whether such instruments should be recorded as liabilities or as equity, is evaluated at the end of each reporting period. Derivative instrument liabilities are classified in the balance sheet as current or non-current based on whether or not net-cash settlement of the derivative instrument could be required within 12 months of the balance sheet date.


The Company uses Level 2 inputs for its valuation methodology for the derivative liabilities as their fair values were determined by using a Binomial pricing model. The Company’s derivative liabilities are adjusted to reflect fair value at each period end, with any increase or decrease in the fair value being recorded in results of operations as adjusted to fair value of derivatives.


Share Based Payment


The Company issues stock options and warrants, shares of Common Stock, and equity interests as share-based compensation to employees and non-employees. The Company accounts for its share-based compensation to employees in accordance with the Financial Accounting Standards Board’s (“FASB”) ASC 718, Compensation – Stock Compensation. Stock-based compensation cost is measured at the grant date, based on the estimated fair value of the award, and is recognized as expense over the requisite service period.


From prior periods until December 31, 2018, the Company accounted for share-based compensation issued to non-employees and consultants in accordance with the provisions of FASB ASC 505-50, Equity - Based Payments to Non-Employees. Measurement of share-based payment transactions with non-employees is based on the fair value of whichever is more reliably measurable: (a) the goods or services received or (b) the equity instruments issued. The final fair value of the share-based payment transaction is determined at the performance completion date. For interim periods, the fair value is estimated, and the percentage of completion is applied to that estimate to determine the cumulative expense recorded.


In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-07, Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting (“ASU 2018-07”). The guidance was issued to simplify the accounting for share-based transactions by expanding the scope of ASU 2018-07 from only being applicable to share-based payments to employees to also include share-based payment transactions for acquiring goods and services from nonemployees. As a result, nonemployee share-based transactions will be measured by estimating the fair value of the equity instruments at the grant date, taking into consideration the probability of satisfying performance conditions. We adopted ASU 2018-07 on January 1, 2019. The adoption of the standard did not have a material impact on our financial statements for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 or the previously reported financial statements.


The Company values stock compensation based on the market price on the measurement date. As described above, for employees this is the date of grant, and for non-employees, this is the date of performance completion.


The Company values stock options using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. Assumptions used in the Black-Scholes model to value options issued during the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 are as follows:


    Year Ended     Year Ended  

December 31,



December 31,


Expected life in years     1.0, 2.0 and 5.0       5.0  
Stock price volatility     180%-413.83 %     184.45% -190.22 %
Risk free interest rate     1.51%-2.75 %     2.25% - 3.00 %
Expected dividends     0 %     0 %
Forfeiture rate     22.48 %     18 %


The risk-free interest rate was based on rates established by the Federal Reserve Bank. The Company uses the historical volatility of its Common Stock to estimate the future volatility for its Common Stock. The expected dividend yield was based on the fact that the Company has not customarily paid dividends in the past and does not expect to pay dividends in the future.


Research and Development Costs


Research and development costs consist of expenditures for the research and development of new products and technology. These costs are primarily expenses to vendors contracted to perform research projects and develop technology for the Company’s cloud-based, Verb interactive video CRM SaaS platform.


Net Loss Per Share


Basic net loss per share is computed by using the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted net loss per share is computed giving effect to all dilutive potential shares of Common Stock that were outstanding during the period. Dilutive potential shares of Common Stock consist of incremental shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of stock options. No dilutive potential shares of Common Stock were included in the computation of diluted net loss per share because their impact was anti-dilutive. As of December 31, 2019, and 2018, the Company had total outstanding options of 4,233,722 and 2,478,974, respectively, and warrants of 10,930,991 and 940,412, respectively, which were excluded from the computation of net loss per share because they are anti-dilutive.


Acquisitions and Business Combinations


The Company allocates the fair value of purchase consideration to the tangible assets acquired, liabilities assumed, and separately identified intangible assets acquired based on their estimated fair values. The excess of the fair value of purchase consideration over the fair values of these identifiable assets and liabilities is recorded as goodwill. Such valuations require management to make significant estimates and assumptions, especially with respect to intangible assets. Significant estimates in valuing certain intangible assets include, but are not limited to, future expected cash flows from, acquired technology, trade-marks and trade names, useful lives, and discount rates. Management’s estimates of fair value are based upon assumptions believed to be reasonable, but which are inherently uncertain and unpredictable and, as a result, actual results may differ from estimates. During the measurement period, which is the period needed to gather all information necessary to make the purchase price allocation, not to exceed one year from the acquisition date, we may record adjustments to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed, with the corresponding offset to goodwill. Upon the conclusion of the measurement period, any subsequent adjustments are recorded to earnings.




In accordance with FASB ASC Topic No. 350, Intangibles-Goodwill and Other, the Company reviews the recoverability of the carrying value of goodwill at least annually or whenever events or circumstances indicate a potential impairment. The Company’s impairment testing will be done annually at December 31 (its fiscal year end). Recoverability of goodwill is determined by comparing the fair value of Company’s reporting units to the carrying value of the underlying net assets in the reporting units. If the fair value of a reporting unit is determined to be less than the carrying value of its net assets, goodwill is deemed impaired and an impairment loss is recognized to the extent that the carrying value of goodwill exceeds the difference between the fair value of the reporting unit and the fair value of its other assets and liabilities.


The acquisition of Verb Direct, formerly Sound Concepts, occurred on April 12, 2019. The Company will perform its first impairment test in fiscal 2020.


Intangible Assets with Finite Useful Lives


We have certain finite lived intangible assets that were initially recorded at their fair value at the time of acquisition. These intangible assets consist of developed technology. Intangible assets with finite useful lives are amortized using the straight-line method over their estimated useful life of five years.


We review all finite lived intangible assets for impairment when circumstances indicate that their carrying values may not be recoverable. If the carrying value of an asset group is not recoverable, we recognize an impairment loss for the excess carrying value over the fair value in our consolidated statements of operations.


The acquisition of Verb Direct, formerly Sound Concepts, occurred on April 12, 2019. The Company will perform its first impairment test in fiscal 2020.


Fair Value of Financial Instruments


The Company follows the guidance of FASB ASC 820 and ASC 825 for disclosure and measurement of the fair value of its financial instruments. FASB ASC 820 establishes a framework for measuring fair value under GAAP and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. To increase consistency and comparability in fair value measurements and related disclosures, ASC 820 establishes a fair value hierarchy which prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value into three (3) broad levels. The fair value hierarchy gives the highest priority to quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs.


The three (3) levels of fair value hierarchy defined by ASC 820 are described below:


  Level 1: Quoted market prices available in active markets for identical assets or liabilities as of the reporting date.
  Level 2: Pricing inputs other than quoted prices in active markets included in Level 1, which are either directly or indirectly observable as of the reporting date.
  Level 3: Pricing inputs that are generally observable inputs and not corroborated by market data.


The carrying amount of the Company’s financial assets and liabilities, such as cash and cash equivalents, prepaid expenses, and accounts payable and accrued expenses approximate their fair value due to their short-term nature. The carrying values financing obligations approximate their fair values due to the fact that the interest rates on these obligations are based on prevailing market interest rates. The Company uses Level 2 inputs for its valuation methodology for the derivative liabilities.




The Company has three revenue channels: (1) digital/SaaS, (2) welcome kits, and (3) fulfillments. In accordance with the “Segment Reporting” Topic of the ASC, the Company’s chief operating decision maker (the Company’s Chief Executive Officer) reviews operating results to make decisions about allocating resources and assessing performance for the entire Company. Existing guidance, which is based on a management approach to segment reporting, establishes requirements to report selected segment information quarterly and to report annually entity-wide disclosures about products and services, major customers, and the countries in which the entity holds material assets and reports revenue. All material operating units qualify for aggregation under “Segment Reporting” due to (i) their similar customer base and (ii) the Company having a single sales team, marketing department, customer service department, operations department, finance department, and accounting department to support all revenue channels. Since the Company operates in one segment, all financial information required by “Segment Reporting” can be found in the accompanying consolidated financial statements.


Recent Accounting Pronouncements


In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Credit Losses - Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments (“ASC 326”). The standard significantly changes how entities will measure credit losses for most financial assets, including accounts and notes receivables. The standard will replace today’s “incurred loss” approach with an “expected loss” model, under which companies will recognize allowances based on expected rather than incurred losses. Entities will apply the standard’s provisions as a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings as of the beginning of the first reporting period in which the guidance is effective. As small business filer, the standard will be effective for us for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2022. Management is currently assessing the impact of adopting this standard on the Company’s financial statements and related disclosures.


Other recent accounting pronouncements issued by the FASB, including its Emerging Issues Task Force, the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, and the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) did not or are not believed by management to have a material impact on the Company’s present or future consolidated financial statements.